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Understanding Respiratory Tract Infections (RTIs)
section: Common Adult RTIs: Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP)
page: 5 / 8

Common Adult RTIs: Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP)

What is Community Acquired Pneumonia?
CAP, the most common form of pneumonia, is an acute infection of the lung tissue occurring in a person who has not been hospitalized for at least 14 days before symptoms occur (hence "community-acquired").14

Signs and Symptoms
The symptoms of CAP include coughing with or without phlegm production, chest pain, shortness of breath, chills, shaking and/or fever.15

What Causes CAP?
CAP is usually caused by a bacterial or viral infection. A bacterium called Streptococcus pneumoniae is the predominant organism that causes CAP.16

In mild to moderate cases of CAP, your doctor may prescribe an appropriate antibiotic regimen. In severe cases of CAP, hospitalization may be necessary.17

current section: Common Adult RTIs: Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP)
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